Children often develop swellings and lumps that can cause a lot of concern to parents. It is worth taking these seriously since children sadly do develop tumours sometimes. The vast majority of these, however, are entirely benign. Some of them need to be removed while others do not. Every case is treated on its merit and we can usually make a decision at the first consultation. Sometimes further investigations are required.
Usually, the parent or child will notice an unusual lump. It may have been present from birth or may have developed afterwards. It may grow or it may remain the same size. It may be painful or painless and can occur anywhere. We will usually evaluate the lump based on history, associated symptoms, appearance and consistency.
There are a vast number of possible diagnoses for lumps in children. Too many to mention here. The good news is that in children, these are almost always benign. The diagnoses range from benign or rarely malignant tumours to cysts and some congenital anomalies.
Treatment depends on the nature of the lump. Some can be observed and left alone. Some may need to be excised and some may need to be biopsied for further diagnosis.